Marxist IQ: neoliberalism, revisionism, and Bill of Rights socialism (answers)

 
March 1, 2018
Marxist IQ: neoliberalism, revisionism, and Bill of Rights socialism (answers)

1. (b)

Weber rejects the historical materialism of Marx and Engels–the idea that social organization and social change can best be understood by looking at the forces and relations of production. Instead, he looks to ideas and attitudes to explain how societies evolve. Weber’s account of modernization emphasizes the ‘rationalization’ or ‘disenchantment’ of the world: a turn toward science, technology, and bureaucracy as the basis for social organization.  Weber was deeply ambivalent about this process, seeing it both as conferring broad social benefits and as reducing the individual to a cog in a machine.  The current neoliberal model of development and globalization—the idea that expanding European and U.S.-style capitalist institutions will promote freedom and prosperity–is grounded in Weber’s work.

2. (d)

Friedman contributed more than any other thinker to the set of goals and policies we know as neoliberalism.  He was a confidant of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, an architect of the economic policy of the Pinochet regime in Chile, a founder of the charter school movement, and the leading advocate of privatization and deregulation.

3. (c)

Bernstein made a number of important observations about the nature of capitalism.  He recognized that people move from the working class into the petty bourgeoisie of small business owners, and he understood—as some Marxists did not, and do not–the importance of the fight for social reforms under capitalism. However, he made a serious error in failing to see the internal contradictions of capitalism.  He believed that capitalism could reformed and regulated to benefit the working class, and that such a path of reforms could lead to socialism.  Bernstein was a key theorist of Social Democracy and Democratic Socialism, which see a non-revolutionary path from capitalism to socialism.

4. (b)

‘Bill of Rights Socialism’ is based on the idea that socialism in the United States will represent an expansion, rather than a rejection, of the democratic struggles in our nation’s history.  Socialism will allow us to move beyond the limited and restrictive democracy of capitalism to a true democracy based on equality for all.

 

Score: 0 wrong: Theoretician. Write an article! Teach a class!! 1 wrong: Developed Marxist. Form a study group, join the party; 2 to 3 wrong: Class conscious worker – study harder; 4 wrong: Danger! deviations possible. study and then study some more lest you drift into the marsh of opportunism!

Comments (2)

ASH | March 03, 2018 at 4:00 PM

THE FUNDAMENTAL THEORY OF SOCIALISM IS PROPER PROJECT MANAGEMENT OF ECONOMY BY ORGANIZATION AND ENTITIES THAT ARE MANAGED BY WORKERS FOR THE BENEFIT OF PEOPLE. ALL OF THE ABOVE NOTED THEORISTS EXCEPT THE LAST ARE TRYING TO RATIONALIZED CAPITALISM AS THE END STAGE OF HUMAN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. FOR THE LAST, THE GOALS OF AMERICAN WAR OF NATIONAL LIBERATION AND THE IDEALS OF THE PILGRIMS, CHRISTIAN PURISTS OF SOCIAL JUSTICE HAVE NOT BEEN ACHIEVED AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION HAS BEEN BETRAYED AND HIJACKED BY CRIMINAL CAPITALISTS. ONLY A MAJOR SOCIAL REVOLUTION CAN OVERTHROW THE AMERICAN INSTITUTION OF CAPITALIST REPRESSION IN THE UNITED STATES AND ABROAD. IT IS ONLY A MATTER OF TIME.

Alvaro Rodriguez | March 02, 2018 at 7:53 PM

Rosa Luxemburg made a significant contribution to the understanding of the dialectical relationship between the struggle for reforms and the struggle for a socialist revolution. She also exposed Bernstein’s revision of Marxism. She showed that Bernstein’s theories are inconsistent with scientific socialist principles.

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